Ministry of Planning
Development & Reform


CENTRE FOR RURAL ECONOMY

Vision of CRE

A globally acknowledged Centre of Excellence, work in multidisciplinary action-oriented policy research on all aspects of rural economy.


CRE'S Goals

The overall goal of CRE is to improve sustainable and inclusive growth in rural areas. The specific objectives are:

  1. 1. Reduce rural poverty.
  2. 2. Improve food security, resilience, and social protection.
  3. 3. Generate gainful employment in rural areas and reduce rural-urban gaps and migration.
  4. 4. Enhance competitiveness and boost export from rural economy.
  5. 5. Improve sustainability of natural resources and environment in rural areas.


Objectives of CRE

The overarching objective of Centre for Rural Economy is to provide quality evidence based policy recommendations associated with all aspects of Pakistan's Rural Economy. To achieve this goal, the following major objectives are envisaged for the institution:

  1. 1. Enriched institutional capacity for analysis of rural economy of Pakistan
  2. 2. Enhancement of researchers and stakeholders capacities, capabilities and acquisition of new skills
  3. 3. Encourage evidence-based policies
  4. 4. Reduce working distance between academia and policy makers
  5. 5. Improve efficiency, competitiveness, collaboration and funding in socioeconomic policy research


Centre for Rural Economy

The 'Centre for Rural Economy' would fill the essential gap between knowledge and its application and catalyze organized policy related research to present a set of prioritized options for policy-makers for the rural sector. The CRE will look into the factors responsible for worsening terms of trade and what types of policies are required to reverse the trend; identify the commodities with specific characteristics and markets with specific demands where Pakistan should focus to increase its agricultural export; study the value chain of different commodities and suggest ways to improve the value chain to meet the needs of high-end national and international consumers as well small farmers and poor landless people by connecting them with high-end markets. This conceptualization process will base on a comprehensive review of institutions and organizations which will undertake, to assess them across a broad range of indicators;

  1. i. External interface and strategic positioning in the overall framework of the environment in which they functioned
  2. ii. Shareholder/stakeholder accountability
  3. iii. Governance and oversight mechanisms
  4. iv. Internal management/reporting systems, structures and procedures
  5. v. Financial and managerial transparency, internal control
  6. vi. Operational, institutional and cost effectiveness
  7. vii. Quality of output, impact and success factors
  8. viii. Independence and autonomy
  9. ix. Financial self-sufficiency and sustainability


Board of Directors

The CRE would be an independent and autonomous, not for profit legal entity under Section 42 of the Companies Ordinance 1984. It would have an empowered Board of Directors (with public, private and civil society representation) to be chaired by the Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission as given below:

  1. • Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission .……..…….. Chairman
  2. • Public Sector…………………………………………… (6 members)
  3. • Private Sector…………………………………………... (6 members)
  4. • Chief Executive Officer ……...……………………….... Member/Secretary



CRE's Core Areas of Business

There will be 4 major 'product' lines of the centre, grouped accordingly, based on thematic areas/core activities which characterize the rural economy of the country. These Groups, and their attendant focus, is enunciated as follows:

Group I - Growth, Production and Output

Theme: Improve farm productivity, production diversity and resource use efficiency.

The remit of Group would be to actively seek and develop an effective synthesis of the farm and non-farm constituents of the rural economy. The objective is to view the rural economy in an integrated and holistic perspective, pursue rural agglomeration and focus on drivers and/or constraints limiting broad based, sustained growth. Focus of the group includes factors of production (land, water, labor, capital) and sectors of production (crops, livestock, fisheries and forestry). The Group would engage in input/output modeling; adoption of improved technologies; returns to factors of production, economic and financial returns on investment, cost- benefit analyses, resource pricing, value addition analysis; natural resource management, production management, animal husbandry and climate change adaptation would also be studied along with other relevant research activities which would extend across the spectrum of diverse rural economic activity encompassing agricultural and nonagricultural commodities, industrial processing, and services sectors.


Group II – Institutions, Markets and Inclusion

Theme: Develop value chain, link producers with emerging niche market, enhance income diversity, and improve food security.

The twin focus of the Group would be on i) the catalytic role of markets and institutional mechanisms in economic exchange and their efficiency in resource allocation and ii) The extent to which certain economic actors (or groups) are systematically excluded from, or are unable to avail of transactions, and are constrained from benefiting from opportunities of trade and access to certain goods and services. Inclusion, therefore, is a key element of the Group's agenda. The scope of work of the Group would entail research on rural enterprise and entrepreneurship; Rural employment; Wholesale/retail markets; Financial services, intermediation/branchless banking; Domestic trade and commerce (esp. with respect to inter and intra district/province) national/local marketing and distribution channels, National competitiveness and exports; Impact investing business clustering and SMEs; Law –its jurisdiction and applicability (esp. customary/sharia law) contract enforcement and entitlements; Community driven development and social capital; rural aspirations, livelihoods and common interest groups; food security, vulnerability and social protection; microfinance and asset transfers.


Group III: Connectivity, Linkages and Access

Theme: Improve efficiency of rural sector economy through enhanced connectivity and service delivery.

The Group would be primarily, but not exclusively, concerned with spatial dimensions of the rural economy, and overcoming the friction of space through improved provision of public goods and services. Simultaneously, it will also assess the potential of technologies and technology applications for enhancing/upgrading virtual connectivity in less well located regions. By capitalizing on high tele-density in the rural areas it will look at ways and means of accessing emerging market opportunities for people, products and services. The research agenda of the Group would focus on ways to realize the upscale potential of rural areas by strengthening the extent and depth of integration with the national economy as well as the region. This would include, inter alia, studying national/regional trade and resource corridors (upstream/downstream business linkages, joint ventures, sub-contracting and related opportunities); Water, irrigation, transportation infrastructure, primary education, vocational skills and employment; basic health and nutrition; renewable energy and carbon trading; Information asymmetries and the role of emerging communication/digital technologies/platforms.


Group IV: Translating Research to Policy

Theme: Improve policy formulation, design, enactment and implementation through inclusive and consultative processes.

The scope of the Group is central to the work of the CRE. It would play a bridging role in overcoming the present disconnect between research, evidence and policy formulation; and endeavor to crowd in relevant stakeholders to inform and recommend either a new policy, a revision or amendment in existing policy or its repeal and/or reform. In that advisory and advocacy role, the Group will engage extensively with national and provincial legislatures, elected officials, national/sub-national public authorities/agencies as well as research institutions and establishments. Agriculture, trade, taxation policies and subsidy regimes, rural finance and investment, urban-rural terms of trade, employment and productivity, poverty and vulnerability (especially its rural incidence and severity) are of some of the key areas of potential interest and relevance for the CRE. The Group is also envisaged to perform the technical backstopping and facilitation role. It will act as the information hub of the CRE. It is proposed to be equipped with a state of the art GIS lab. Real time use of geo-referencing and positioning as well as satellite imagery would be integrated and mainstreamed in all research activities. Additionally it will be responsible for maintaining information and statistical databases and management information systems in a fully automated IT based environment, for use and access by the other groups and researchers of the Centre. The second function of the Group would be documentation, dissemination and communication and media interface on the output and outcomes of its work. Event management would also lie within the ambit of the Group.


Gallery:


The Centre is working under the guidance and supervision of the following professionals:


S.no Name of Officers Designation Contact Number
1 Dr. Aamir Irshad CEO/PD Centre for Rural Economy (CRE) 051 9220617
2 Mr. Syed Amjad Hussain Group Head-I 051 9245071
3 Dr. Qaiser Rafique Yasser Group Head-II 051 9245072
4 Dr. Faisal Anwar Malik Group Head-IV 051 9245075
5 Mr. Mushtaq Ur Rehman Senior Research Fellow-IV 051 9245078
6 Mr. Sohail Ajmal Paracha Senior Research Fellow-II 051 9245074
7 Mr. Ansar Mahmood Rao Manager Admin & Finance 051 9245076